Periodontitis is a disease that damages the tissues supporting the teeth in the jaw (gums, fibers, jaw bone). Left untreated, it leads to loss of the teeth. Periodontitis is one of the most common diseases in the world and in fact is the main cause of loss of teeth in adults. Currently, it is known that undiagnosed or untreated periodontitis influences overall health, including increasing the risk of cardiovascular complications, diabetes, development of respiratory illnesses, and more. In addition, loss of teeth is accompanied by physical disability and emotional impairment as well as aesthetic damage and deteriorated quality of life.
One of the most severe of gum diseases appears primarily in adolescence and early adulthood and is professionally known as Aggressive Periodontitis. It commonly appears between the ages of 13 to 35 and is typified by relatively accelerated destruction of the tissues supporting the teeth, if not diagnosed and treated on time.
Periodontitis may be caused by many factors, and in any one person, several of these may be simultaneously active. One of the main factors is bacteria. The quantity and type of bacteria is determined by the nature and severity of the disease. Another factor manifesting chiefly in aggressive periodontitis is genetics. The disease can often be found among several siblings. Further factors contributing to aggressive periodontitis are smoking, alcohol consumption, diabetes, nutritional deficiencies, compromised immune system, and more.
The disease manifests in movement or loss of teeth, bleeding, secretions and irreversible osteoporosis. In many cases, the disease does not even hurt. The heterogenic composition of Israel’s population causes high frequency of gum disease among youth, among the highest in the western world. The most recent research undertaken among new IDF recruits found that some 5% of youth were suffering with periodontitis that began as young teens.
Early diagnosis of the disease will – in most cases – stop its development and allow tissue regeneration.
Testing is simple, fast, non-invasive and not painful.
The dentist will test for the presence of periodontal pockets between the teeth and gums. Pockets are indicators that the disease is developing. If no signs of the disease are found, the patient will receive a summary report with recommendations for the patient’s regular dentist. If the test results find indications of the disease, the patient will be sent for a series of x-rays that will promote a more focused diagnosis.
Treatment will depend on the severity of the disease, starting from conservative therapies such as root scaling and oral hygiene instruction, and all the way through to regenerative surgery.
All of us at Moria Periodontal Center are here to help you!